How to choose batteries for your solar street lamp project?
Outdoor Solar street lamp battery equipment has a built-in type, Pole mount type, and buried type.
Built-in type Buried type Pole mount type
Built-in is the lithium battery pack integrated together into the lamp body; If an external pole mount type is selected, it is better to install the equipment on the solar street lamp with a height of 6 meters, and there should be no climbing objects beside the solar-powered streetlamp, also pay attention to anti-theft. If to choose the buried type, it is best to pay attention to anti-theft, waterproof, pouring cement ground to density, and replaceability.
The battery is a very key component of the solar-powered street lights system, and also a major component of the solar-powered street lights system cost. At present, solar street lamps mainly use Gel batteries and lithium batteries.
First, explain the concept of both:
Gel batteries belong to a development classification of lead-acid batteries. The method is to add a gelling agent in sulfuric acid to make the electro liquid of sulfuric acid become colloidal. Electrohydraulic colloidal batteries are commonly referred to as colloidal batteries.
The lithium battery is a kind of lithium metal or lithium alloy as a negative material, using a non-aqueous electrolyte solution, compared to a commonly used colloidal battery, the lithium battery is more environmentally friendly, lightweight and longer life, of course, the price of lithium battery will be slightly higher
The lithium battery is a kind of lithium metal or lithium alloy as a negative material, using a non-aqueous electrolyte solution, compared to a commonly used colloidal battery, the lithium battery is more environmentally friendly, lightweight and longer life, of course, the price of lithium battery will be slightly higher.
Gel battery, lithium battery have their own characteristics, but in recent years lithium battery solar street lamp systems develop much better, what are their advantages? Let’s briefly compare the differences between the two:
- Solar-powered street lights power supply method:
Lithium battery 12V 120AH storage power, higher than the colloidal battery 12V 120AH storage power, lithium battery can be full of release, lithium battery cycle high life is 3~5 times than the colloidal battery.
- The maintenance cost of solar-powered street lights
Gel battery service life in 2-3 years, lithium battery service life in 5~8 years, to ensure almost no maintenance costs.
- Are solar-powered street lights environmentally friendly?
Gel battery production pollution is serious, can not be recycled and used, heavy metal pollution is serious, non-environmentally friendly batteries;
The lithium battery is an environmentally friendly battery, lithium belongs to the light element, is harmless to the human body, iron in the soil is ubiquitous.
- The material cost of solar led street lights:
Gel battery production technology is difficult, high cost; Lithium-ion batteries are environmentally friendly and cost slightly more than colloidal batteries. But overall accounting down, the lithium battery solar street lamp cost is more cost-effective.
- The installation cost of solar led street lights:
Gel battery is relatively bulky, generally need to be buried, must do waterproof anti-theft work, installation labor cost is high, late maintenance cost is also very high; Lithium battery is lightweight, high energy density, generally integrated in the inside of the lamp body or under the solar panel, the battery installation does not need labor costs, the maintenance is simple and convenient.
By comparison, we can see why more and more solar street lamps look less bulky than before, due to the use of lithium batteries. The lithium battery is used in solar street lamp systems, and has the advantages that ordinary Gel solar street lamp battery does not have:
I. The charging and discharging system of lithium batteries generally adopts the integrated structure of lithium battery and controller, which is an energy storage battery system with no pollution.
II. According to the user’s demand, the remaining capacity, operation days and nights, weather conditions, and other factors can be intelligently optimized and calculated, and the power level can be reasonably distributed. The functions of light control, time control, and memory storage, to ensure the intelligent setting of the solar street lamp system.
III, Lithium battery due to dry battery nature, more stable than Gel battery, safer.
IV, Lithium battery weight is light, the same capacity specification weight is about 1/6-1/5 of the lead-acid Gel battery;
V, The environmental adaptability of lithium battery is stronger, the use of a wide temperature range can be used in the -20℃- 60℃ environment, after technical treatment, even can be used in the -45℃ environment, which also provides conditions for the promotion of solar street lamps in cold areas.